(Full text in pdf format)


Egill Arnarson


Reykjavik Academy, Iceland


Abstract: The following paper presents two different models of a just world order that take the French Revolution as their starting point: Condorcet’s optimistic account of the bright but unilateral future course of history and the social model of Auguste Comte intended to unite the world’s varying value systems. These two opposed approaches will be considered from the point of view of the actual debate on whether Western values should be predominant in the age of globalization. This debate is therefore linked to the questions whether different value systems should be treated equally or whether a particular one can be seen as superior to others, and thus no longer to be termed as a value system, but as a universal norm.


Keywords: Comte, Condorcet, universalism, values, humanity, progress, globalization





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