Aksel Kirch, Einar Rull and Tarmo Tuisk
Institute for European Studies
Abstract. In the present EU enlargement process, traditional aspects of national identities of the applicant countries have been under continuous and significant change. Changes in cultural and national identity crucially intertwine with the changes in the environment - with the political and economic transformations taking place in these societies. Alongside the changes in the multiple layers of cultural and national identities, a common European identity is consolidating by EU integration, which might complement, compete with, shape or replace the existing identities.
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