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  Oil Shale

ISSN 1736-7492 (electronic)  ISSN 0208-189X (print)
Published since 1984

Oil Shale

ISSN 1736-7492 (electronic)  ISSN 0208-189X (print)
Published since 1984

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Vol. 36, Issue 2S
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GAS-CHROMATOGRAPHIC DETERMINATION OF SULFUR COMPOUNDS IN THE GASOLINE FRACTIONS OF SHALE OIL AND OIL OBTAINED FROM USED TIRES; pp. 188–196

(Full article in PDF format) https://doi.org/10.3176/oil.2019.2S.09


Authors

OLGA PIHL, ALLAN NIIDU, NADEZDA MERKULOVA, MIHHAIL FOMITSOV, ANDRES SIIRDE, MARIA TSHEPELEVITSH

Abstract

The sulfur compounds content of the gasoline fractions of shale oil and oil obtained from used tires was investigated by the method of gas chromatography (GC). There was a marked difference in quantitative chromato­grams estimation between the normalization method and the internal standardization method. The application of the internal standardiza­tion method proved to be preferable. In addition, the results obtained on the content of sulfur compounds in the studied gasoline fractions allow us to conclude that the co-processing of used tires with oil shale will not affect the quality of the light fraction of oil produced and thus, it enables not to change the method of purification from sulfur compounds.

Keywords

shale oil, used tires, gasoline fraction, sulfur, gas chromato¬graphy.

References

 1.       Gas Prices Explained. Available at
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(accessed 12 November 2018).

2.       Estonian Oil Shale Industry Yearbook 2017(Beger , M. , ed.).
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/Polevkivi_aastaraamat_EST _2018-06-27c.pdf (in Estonian).

3.       Pikhl’ , O. A. , Soone , Yu. Kh. , Kekisheva , L. V. , Kaev , M. A. Tire processing using pyrolysis and hydrogenation methods. Solid Fuel Chem. , 2013 , 47(3) , 183–192.
https://doi.org/10.3103/S0361521913030063

4.       Senchugov , K. , Kaidalov , A. , Shaparenko , L. , Popov , A. , Kindorkin , B. , Lushnyak , V. , Chikul , V. , Elenurm , A. , Marguste , M. Utilization of rubber waste in mixture with oil shale in destructive thermal processing using the method of solid heat carrier. Research Gate. Available at
https://www. researchgate.net/publication/298527687_Utilization_of_rubber_waste_in_mixture_with_
oil_shale_in_destructive_thermal_processing_using_the_method_of_solid_heat_carrier (accessed 12 November 2018).

5.       Orav , A. , Kailas , T. , Müürisepp , M. , Kann , J. Composition of the oil from waste tires. 1. Fraction boilong at up to 160 °C. Proc. Est. Acad. Sci. , 1999 , 48(1) , 30–39.

6.       Eesti Energia tries to obtain oil from used tires. Põhjarannik , 14 September 2016 (in Estonian). Available at
https://dea.digar.ee/cgi-bin/dea?a=d&d= pohjarannik20160914.2.6.3

7.       EVS-EN ISO 20846:2011. Petroleum products – Determination of sulfur content of automotive fuels – Ultraviolet fluorescence method (ISO 20846:2011).
https://www.evs.ee/tooted/evs-en-iso-20846-2011 (accessed 12 November 2018).

8.       ASTM D5623-94(2014). Standard Test Method for Sulfur Compounds in Light Petroleum Liquids by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Selective Detection.

 

 
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Current Issue: Vol. 36, Issue 2S, 2019




Publishing schedule:
No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December