headerpos: 12198
 
 
 

Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 1736-7530 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-6046 (print)
Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, series Physics & Mathematics and  Chemistry
Published since 1952

Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 1736-7530 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-6046 (print)
Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, series Physics & Mathematics and  Chemistry
Published since 1952
Publisher
Journal Information
» Editorial Board
» Editorial Policy
» Archival Policy
» Article Publication Charges
» Copyright and Licensing Policy
Guidelines for Authors
» For Authors
» Instructions to Authors
» LaTex style files
Guidelines for Reviewers
» For Reviewers
» Review Form
Open Access
List of Issues
» 2019
» 2018
» 2017
Vol. 66, Issue 4
Vol. 66, Issue 3
Vol. 66, Issue 2
Vol. 66, Issue 1
» 2016
» 2015
» 2014
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011
» 2010
» 2009
» 2008
» Back Issues Phys. Math.
» Back Issues Chemistry
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google. Phys. Math.
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google. Chemistry
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google Engineering
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google Ecology
» Back issues in ETERA Füüsika, Matemaatika jt
Subscription Information
» Prices
Internet Links
Support & Contact
Publisher
» Staff
» Other journals

Fly ash as an adsorbent for the removal of reactive blue 25 dye from aqueous solutions: optimization, kinetic and isotherm investigations; pp. 300–308

(Full article in PDF format) https://doi.org/10.3176/proc.2017.3.10


Authors

Umesh B. Deshannavar, Basavaraj G. Katageri, Mohanad El-Harbawi, Ambika Parab, Kiran Acharya

Abstract

Fly ash obtained from a thermal power station was used as an adsorbent for the adsorption of reactive blue 25 dye from aqueous solutions. The parameters affecting the batch adsorption studies were optimized for this system. Lagergren’s kinetic models were used for the analysis of the kinetics of dye adsorption by fly ash. It was observed that dye adsorption followed pseudo-second-order kinetics. Batch adsorption experimentation data were fitted to two well-known isotherms: the Langmuir and Freundlich models. Regression analysis showed a good fit of the Freundlich isotherm model. Based on the adsorption studies it can be concluded that the fly ash can be used as effectual adsorbent for the removal of dye from aqueous solutions.

Keywords

adsorption, adsorbent, fly ash, isotherms, kinetics.

References

Aksu , Z. M. and Isoglu , I. A. 2006. Use of agricultural waste sugar beet pulp for the removal of Gemazol turquoise blue-G reactive dye from aqueous solution. J. Hazard. Mater. , 137 , 418–430.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.02.019

APHA. 1980. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. American Public Health Association , Washington , DC.

Argun , M. E. , Guclu , D. , and Karatas , M. 2014. Adsorption of Reactive Blue 114 dye by using a new adsorbent: pomelo peel. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. , 20 , 1079–1084.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.06.045

Aygun , A. , Yenisoy-Karakas , S. , and Duman , I. 2003. Production of granular activated carbon from fruit stones and nutshells and evaluation of their physical , chemical and adsorption properties. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. , 66 , 189–195.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2003.08.028

Bhatnagar , A. and Jain , A. K. 2005. A comparative adsorption study with different industrial wastes as adsorbents for the removal of cationic dyes from water. J. Colloid Interf. Sci. , 281 , 49–55.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.08.076

Convery , M. , Downing , L. , Yin , C. Y. , Goh , B. M. , and Sharifah , A. S. A. K. 2010. Characterization of glass-ceramics produced from vitrification of class F Malaysian coal fly ash. Int. J. Mech. Mater. Eng. , 5 , 1–4.

Freundlich , H. 1906. Adsorption in solution. Phys. Chem. Soc. , 40 , 1361–1368.

Ho , Y. S. and McKay , G. 1999. Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process. Biochem. , 34 , 451–465.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(98)00112-5
https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3440451
https://doi.org/10.1042/0264-6021:3440451

Irem , S. , Khan , Q. M. , Islam , E. , Hashmat , A. J. , Anwar ul Haq , M. , Afzal , M. , and Mustafa , T. 2013. Enhanced removal of reactive navy blue dye using powdered orange waste. Ecol. Eng. , 58 , 399–405.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2013.07.005

Kadirvelu , K. , Kavipriya , M. , Karthika , C. , Radhika , M. , Vennilamani , N. , and Pattabhi , S. 2003. Utilization of various agricultural wastes for activated carbon preparation and application for the removal of dyes and metal ions from aqueous solutions. Bioresource Technol. , 87 , 129–132.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(02)00201-8

Lagergren , S. 1898. Zur Theorie der sogenannten Adsorption geloster Stoffe [About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances]. K. Sven. Vetenskapsakad Handl. , 24 , 1–39.

Langmuir , I. 1918. The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass , mica and platinum. J. Am. Chem. Soc. , 40 , 1361–1403.
https://doi.org/10.1021/ja02242a004

Lee , C. K. , Low , K. S. , and Gan , P. Y. 1999. Removal of some organic dyes by acid-treated spent bleaching earth. Environ. Technol. , 20 , 99–104.
https://doi.org/10.1080/09593332008616798

Malik , P. K. 2003. Use of activated carbons prepared from sawdust and rice-husk for adsorption of acid dyes: a case study of acid yellow 36. Dyes Pigm. , 56 , 239–249.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0143-7208(02)00159-6

Namasivayam , C. , Prabha , D. , and Kumutha , M. 1998. Removal of direct red and acid brilliant blue by asorption onto banana pith. Bioresource Technol. , 64 , 77–79.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(97)86722-3

Narkis , N. and Ben-David , B. 1985. Adsorption of non-ionic surfactants on activated carbon and mineral clay. Water Res. , 19 , 815–824.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(85)90138-1

Ofomaja , A. E. and Ho , Y. S. 2008. Effect of tempera-tures and pH on methyl violet biosorption by Mansonia wood sawdust. Bioresource Technol. , 99 , 5411–5417.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.11.018

Orumwense , F. F. O. 1996. Removal of lead from water by adsorption on a kaolinitic clay. J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol. , 65 , 363–369.
https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4660(199604)65:4<363::AID-JCTB435>3.3.CO;2-V
https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4660(199604)65:4<363::AID-JCTB435>3.0.CO;2-3

Papic , S. , Koprivanac , N. , and Metes , A. 2000. Optimizing polymer-induced flocculation process to remove reactive dyes from wastewater. Environ. Technol. , 21 , 97–105.
https://doi.org/10.1080/09593332108618143

Rajeshwari , S. , Namasivayam , C. , and Kadirvelu , K. 2001. Orange peel as an adsorbent in the removal of acid violet 17 (acid dye) from aqueous solutions. Waste Manage. , 21 , 105–110.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0956-053X(00)00076-3

Salleh , M. A. M. , Mahmoud , D. K. , Karim , W. A. , and Idris , A. 2011. Cationic and anionic dye adsorption by agri­cultural solid wastes: a comprehensive review. Desalination , 280 , 1–13.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.07.019

Senapati , M. R. 2011. Fly ash from thermal power plants – waste management and overview. Curr. Sci. , 100 , 1791–1794.

Sharma , Y. C. and Upadhyay , S. N. U. 2009. Removal of a cationic dye from wastewaters by adsorption on activated carbon developed from coconut coir. Energy Fuels , 23 , 2983–2988.
https://doi.org/10.1021/ef9001132

Singh , M. 2015. Report on Fly Ash Generation at Coal/Lignite Based Thermal Power Stations and its Utilization in the Country for the Year 2014–15. Central Electricity Board , New Delhi.

Reddy , M. C. , Nirmala , V. , and Ashwini , C. 2014. Bengal gram seed husk as an adsorbent for the removal of dye from aqueous solutions. Batch studies. Arab. J. Chem. doi:10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.09.029.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.09.029

Sun , D. , Zhang , Z. , Wang , M. , and Wu , Y. 2013. Adsorption of reactive dyes on activated carbon developed from Enteromorpha prolifera. Am. J. Analyt. Chem. , 4 , 1726.
https://doi.org/10.4236/ajac.2013.47A003

Tabak , A. , Eren , E. , Afsin , B. , and Caglar , B. 2009. Determi­nation of adsorptive properties of a Turkish sepiolite for removal of reactive blue 15 anionic dye from aqueous solutions. J. Hazard. Mater. , 161 , 1087–1094.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.04.062

Yin , C. Y. , Aroua , M. K. , and Daud , W. M. A. W. 2008. Enhanced adsorption of metal ions onto poly­ethyleneimine-impregnated palm shell activated carbon: equilibrium studies. Water Air Soil Poll. , 192 , 337–348.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-008-9660-9

Yin , C. Y. , Aroua , M. K. , and Daud , W. M. A. W. 2009. Fixed-bed adsorption of metal ions from aqueous solution on polyethyleneimine-impregnated palm shell activated carbon. Chem. Eng. J. , 148 , 8–14.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2008.07.032

 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 68, Issue 3, 2019




Publishing schedule:
No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December