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  Oil Shale

ISSN 1736-7492 (electronic)  ISSN 0208-189X (print)
Published since 1984

Oil Shale

ISSN 1736-7492 (electronic)  ISSN 0208-189X (print)
Published since 1984

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BIOMARKERS OF THE LOWER JURASSIC BLACK SHALE IN THE SHUANGHU AREA OF THE QIANGTANG BASIN, NORTHERN TIBET, AND THEIR GEOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE; pp. 55–69

(Full article in PDF format) https://doi.org/10.3176/oil.2017.1.04


Authors

GUOQING XIA, CHANGJUN JI, LAN CHEN, HAISHENGHAISHENG YI

Abstract

The organic-rich black shale in the Qiangtang Basin, northern Tibet, has long been the focus of petroleum geologists. This paper discusses the characteristics and maturity parameters of such biomarkers of the shale as n-alkanes, acyclic isoprenoids, terpenoids and steranes, using gas chromato­graphic (GS) and mass spectrometric (MS) techniques. n-Alkanes are characterized by a typical unimodal distribution, with dominant low carbon numbers of nC16–nC19, which suggests that the organic matter sources are mainly algae and planktonic organisms along with terrestrial higher plants. Furthermore, acyclic isoprenoid alkanes pristane (Pr) and phytane (Ph) are the most abundant, the Pr/Ph ratio being 0.06–0.70. The phytane dominance indicates that organic matter deposited in a reducing environment. In addition, the C3122S/(22S + 22R) hopanes ratio is 0.58– 0.59, that of C2920S/(20S + 20R) regular steranes 0.43–0.59, and αββ/(αββ + ααα) 0.39–0.65. These maturity parameters show that organic matter is in the maturity stage, while it is slightly more mature in the Biluocuo (BLC) section of the Qiangtang Basin than in the Ganbeixiama (GB) section. As indicated by the biomarkers values, the Jurassic source rocks in the two researched sections have a certain hydrocarbon potential.

Keywords

Jurassic, black shale, biomarker, Qiangtang Basin, northern Tibet.

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