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Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 1736-7530 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-6046 (print)
Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, series Physics & Mathematics and  Chemistry
Published since 1952

Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 1736-7530 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-6046 (print)
Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, series Physics & Mathematics and  Chemistry
Published since 1952
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Content of alkaloids in ornamental Papaver somniferum L. cultivars growing in Estonia; pp. 34–39

(Full article in PDF format) https://doi.org/10.3176/proc.2017.1.04


Authors

Andres Meos, Liis Saks, Ain Raal

Abstract

The alkaloid content in industrial opium poppies (Papaver somniferum L.) has been studied by numerous authors, but not in ornamental cultivars.The aim of the study was to investigate the content of morphine, codeine, and papaverine in P. somniferum cultivars by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and capillary electrophoresis (CE). The studied poppy capsules were either grown from the ornamental poppy seeds purchased from different vendors or were unknown cultivars from home gardens in Estonia, cultivated as ornamental poppies. All dried capsules samples (n = 34) contained on average 362 mg/100g of morphine, 25 mg/100g of codeine, and 29 mg/100g of papaverine as determined by CE. The content of morphine determined by HPLC was 152–676 mg/100g, which is a remarkably high concentration allowing potential illegal use of ornamental poppies. Both analytical methods demonstrated similar results. Hence, CE is a suitable alternative to HPLC for quantitative analysis of opium alkaloids as it simplifies the sample preparation procedure.

Keywords

pharmacognosy, opium poppy, morphine, codeine, papaverine, capsules, seeds.

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