headerpos: 9509
 
 
  Trames
A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences

ISSN 1736-7514 (electronic)  ISSN 1406-0922 (print)
Published since 1997

Trames
A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences

ISSN 1736-7514 (electronic)  ISSN 1406-0922 (print)
Published since 1997

Publisher
Information
» Policy statement
» Editorial board
» Editorial programme
Article Publication Charges
Style sheet
Subscription Information
Support and Contact
List of Issues
» 2018
» 2017
» 2016
Vol. 20, Issue 4
Vol. 20, Issue 3
Vol. 20, Issue 2
Vol. 20, Issue 1
» 2015
» 2014
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011
» 2010
» 2009
» 2008
» Back Issues
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google
Publisher
» Other journals
» Staff

PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT OF ACADEMIC STAFF AND ITS EFFECTIVENESS TO TEACHING AND RESEARCH – BASED ON THE EXAMPLE OF ESTONIAN UNIVERSITIES; PP. 17–36

(Full article in PDF format) DOI: 10.3176/tr.2016.1.02


Authors

Kulno Türk

Abstract

The aim of the research is to identify options for developing performance manage­ment (PM) of the academic staff (AS) based on the example of Estonian universities (economics faculties). We want to find out more about PA and its interaction with other elements of performance – the effectiveness of teaching and research are studied. The analysis includes a review on how the PM system has developed over time, ascertaining special features with respect to the economic crisis. Methods included three questionnaire-based surveys of AS carried out in 2013, interviews with nine academic leaders and seven focus group interviews were conducted. Qualitative methods involved the analysis of documentation universities, interviews and participatory observations within a case study. A detailed PA system enables the AS to achieve higher results specifically during periods of restructuring and change at universities, but causes a negative impact for quality and motivation of AS in times of crisis. During the stage of further development of the faculties, it would be necessary to pay more attention to qualitative indicators and reduce the number of quantitative indicators. It is necessary to develop the PM to be applied in conjunction with other management instruments (qualitative management, personnel management).

Keywords

performance management, academic staff, university, performance appraisal, remuneration, pay for performance, effectiveness

References

Aguinis , H. and C. Pierce (2007) “Enhancing the relevance of organizational behavior by embracing performance management research”. Journal of Organizational Behavior 29 , 139–145.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.493

Atkinson , A. , S. Burgess , B. Croxson , P. Gregg , C. Propper , H. Slater , and D. Wilson (2009) “Evaluat­ing the impact of performance-related pay for teachers in England”. Labour Economics 16 , 3 , 251–261.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2008.10.003

Biron , M. , E. Farndale , and J. Paauwe (2011) “Performance management effectiveness: lessons from world-leading firms”. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 22 , 6 , 1294–1311.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2011.559100

Bogt , H. and R. W. Scapens (2012) “Performance management in universities: effects of the transition to more quantitative measurement systems”. European Accounting Review 21 , 3 , 451–497.

Browne , L. and S. Rayner (2015) “Managing leadership in university reform: data-led decision-making , the cost of learning and déjà vu?”. Educational Management Administration & Leadership 43 , 2 , 290–307.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1741143213494890

Brudan , A. N. (2010) “Rediscovering performance management: systems , learning and integration”. Measuring Business Excellence 14 , 1 , 109–123.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13683041011027490

Budworth , M.-H. , G. P. Latham , and L. Manroop (2015) “Looking forward to performance improve­ment: a field test of the feedforward interview for performance management”. Human Resource Management , 54 , 1 , 45–54.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hrm.21618

Bush , T. and D. Middlewood (2013) Leading and Managing People in Education. 3rd Ed. Sage Publications Ltd.

Cardona , F. (2007) Performance related pay in public service. In OECD and EU Member States. Sigma.

Clayson , D. (2013) “Initial impressions and the student evaluation of teaching”. Journal of Education for Business 88 , 1 , 26–35.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08832323.2011.633580

Cranet Survey on Comparative HRM (2011) International executive report. Cranet. Available online at <http://www.ef.uns.ac.rs/cranet/download/cranet_report_2012_ 280212.pdf >. Accessed on 28.07.2014.

Crowell , C. R. , D. A. , Hantula , and K. L. McArthur (2011) “From job analysis to performance manage­ment: a synergistic rapprochement to organizational effectiveness”. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 31 , 4 , 316-332.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01608061.2011.619420

De Andres , R. , J. L. Garcia-Lapresta , and L. Martinez (2010) “A multi-granular linguistic model for management decision-making in performance appraisal”. Soft Computing 14 , 1 , 21–34.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00500-008-0387-8

Decramer , A. , C. Smolders , and A. Vanderstraeten (2013) “employee performance management culture and system features in higher education: relationship with employee performance management satisfaction”. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 24 , 2 , 352–371.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2012.680602

Dewettinck , K. and H. van Dijk (2013) “Linking Belgian employee performance management system characteristics with performance management system effectiveness: exploring the mediating role of fairness”. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 24 , 4 , 806–825.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2012.700169

Ederer , F. and G. Manso (2012) Is pay-for-performance detrimental to innovation? Available online at <http://faculty.haas.berkeley.edu/manso/em.pdf>. Accessed on 20.07.2014.

Edler , J. , L. Georghiou , K. Blind , and E. Uyarra (2012) “Evaluating the demand side: new challenges for evaluation”.

Research Evaluation 21 , 1 , 33–47.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/reseval/rvr002

Egginton , B. (2010) “Introduction of Formal Performance Appraisal of Academic Staff the Manage­ment Challenges associated with effective implementation”. Educational Manage­ment Administration & Leadership 38 , 1 , 119–133.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1741143209351660

Estermann , T , T. Nokkala , and M. Steinel (2011) University autonomy in Europe II. The scorecard. European University Association.

Fang , M. and B. Gerhart (2012) “Does pay for performance diminish intrinsic interest?”. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 23 , 6 , 1176–1196.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2011.561227

Feng , T. , D. Wang , and D. Prajogo (2014) “Incorporating human resource management initiatives into customer services: empirical evidence from Chinese manufacturing firms”. Industrial Marketing Management , 43 , 1 , 126–135.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2013.08.007

Figlio , D. N. and L. W. Kenny (2007) “Individual teacher incentives and student performance”. Journal of Public Economics 91 , 901–914.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2006.10.001

Gerhart , B. , S. L. Rynes , and I. S. Fulmer (2009) “Pay and performance: individuals , groups , and executives”. The Academy of Management Annals 3 , 1 , 251–315.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19416520903047269

Gil-Anton , M. (2011) “The merit pay system in a Mexican university: the case of Metropolitan Autonomous University”. The Journal of the Professoriate 4 , 2 , 122–140.

Gielen , A. C. , M. J. M. Kerkhofs , and J. C. Ours (2010) “How performance related pay affects productivity and employment”. Journal of Population Economics 23 , 1 , 291–301.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00148-009-0252-9

Gravina , N. E. and B. P. Siers (2011) “Square pegs and round holes: ruminations on the relationship between performance appraisal and performance management”. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 31 , 4 , 277–287.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01608061.2011.619418

Haines , V. Y. and S. St-Onge (2012) “Performance management effectiveness: practices or con­text?”. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 23 , 6 , 1158–1175.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2011.561230

Hallin , C. A. , S. Tveteras , and T. J. Andersen (2012) “Judgmental forecasting of opera­tional cap­abilities: exploring a new indicator to predict financial performance”. Available at <http:// openarchive.cbs.dk/bitstream/handle/10398/8507/Hallin%20.pdf?sequence=1

>. Accessed on 12.05.2014.

Heidmets , M. and B. Vilgats (2012) „Control , freedom and trust: seeking for a higher education model in a post-communist country“. Problems of Education in the 21st Century 40 , 88–96.

Heinrich , C. J. and G. Marschke (2009) “Incentives and their dynamics in public sector performance management systems”. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 29 , 1 , 183–208.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pam.20484

Harkness , P. and M. Schier (2011) “Performance related pay in Australian universities: the case of Swinburne university”. Australian Universities’ Review , 53 , 2 , 50–58.

James , C. (2014) “Trends in the governance and governing of school in England”. Local Government Studies 40 , 6 , 893–909.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03003930.2012.722839

Jones , J. , R. Gaffney-Rhys , and E. Jones (2014) “Handle with care! An exploration of the potential risks associated with the publication and summative usage of student evaluation of teaching (SET) results”. Journal of Further and Higher Education 38 , 1 , 37–56.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0309877X.2012.699514

Kallio , K. M. and T. J. Kallio (2014) “Management-by-results and performance measure­ment in universities – implications for work motivation”. Studies in Higher Education 39 , 4 , 574–589.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2012.709497

Kindsiko , E. (2014) Organisational control in university management: a multiparadigm approach on the example of the University of Tartu. PhD Thesis , University of Tartu , Estonia.

Kivipõld , K. and M. Vadi (2013) “Market orientation in the context of the impact of leadership capability on performance”. International Journal of Bank Marketing , 31 , 5 , 368–387.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJBM-09-2012-0092

Lucifora , C. and F. Origo (2015) “Performance-related pay and firm productivity: evidence from a reform in the structure of collective bargaining”. ILR Review , 68 , 3 , 606–632.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0019793915570876

Lukka , K. (2010) “The roles and effects of paradigms in accounting research”. Management Accounting Research 21 , 2 , 110–115.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mar.2010.02.002

Maillard , J. and S. P. Savage (2012) “Comparing performance: the development of police per­formance management in France and Britain”. Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy 22 , 4 , 363–383.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10439463.2012.718777

Malik , M. , A. Butt , and J. Choi (2014) “Rewards and employee creative performance: moderating effects of creative self-efficacy , reward importance and locus of control”. Journal of Organizational Behavior 36 , 1 , 59–74.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.1943

Melo , A. I. , C. S. Sarrico , and Z. Radnor (2010) “The influence of performance management systems on key actors in universities”. Public Management Review 12 , 2 , 233–254.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14719031003616479

Miah , M. K. and C. G. Hossan (2012) “Performance management system in UK retail industry: a case study”. Far East Journal of Psychology and Business 7 , 3 , 13–25.

Milanowski , A. (2007) “Performance pay system preferences of students preparing to be teachers”. Education Finance and Policy 2 , 2 , 111–132.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/edfp.2007.2.2.111

Mingers , J. and H. Willmott (2013) “Taylorizing business school research: on the ‘one best way’ performative effects of journal ranking lists”. Human Relations 66 , 1051–1073.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018726712467048

Mone , E. , C. Eisinger , K. Guggenheim , B. Price , and C. Stine (2011) “Performance management at the wheel: driving employee engagement in organizations”. Journal of Business Psychology 26 , 2 , 205–2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10869-011-9222-9

Mone , E. , B. Price , and C. Eisinger (2011) “Performance management: process perfection or process utility”. Industrial and Organizational Psychology 4 , 2 , 184–187.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2011.01322.x

Moreland , J. (2009) “Investigating secondary school leaders’ perceptions of performance manage­ment”. Educational Management Administration & Leadership 37 , 6 , 735–765.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1741143209345569

Nannerup , N. and K. K. Olsen (2014) “Multitasking and performance measurement”. Discussion Papers on Business and Economics , Working Paper 20. University of Southern Denmark. Available online at <http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm? abstract_id=2540063>. Accessed on 02.10.2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2540063

Neal , D. (2011) “The design of performance pay in education“. NBER Working Paper , nr. 16710 , January 2011.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-444-53444-6.00006-7

Okas , A. , M. van der Schaaf , and E. Krull (2014) “Novice and experienced teachers’ views on professionalism”. Trames , 18 , 4 , 327–344.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/tr.2014.4.02

Pascal , C. and G. Marschke (2008) “A general test for distortions in performance measures”. Review of Economics and Statistics 90 , 3 , 428–441.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/rest.90.3.428

Philippe , A. , M. Dewatripont , C. Hoxby , A. Mas-Colell , and A. Sapir (2008) Higher aspirations: an agenda for reforming European universities. Brueghel Blueprint.

Pepper , A. , J. Gore , and A. Crossman (2013) “Are long-term incentive plans an effective and efficient way of motivating senior executives?” Human Resource Management Journal 23 , 1 , 36–51.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.2011.00188.x

Schulz , E. R. and D. M. Tanguay (2006) “Merit pay in a public higher education institution: questions of impact and attitudes”. Public Personnel Management 35 , 1 , 77–88.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/009102600603500105

Soss , J. , R. Fording , and S. F. Schram (2011) “The organization of discipline: from perfor­mance management to perversity and punishment”. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 21 , 2 , 203–232.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muq095

Sousa , C. A. A. , W. F. Nijs , and P. H. J. Hendriks (2010) “Secrets of the beehive: performance management in university research organizations”. Human Relations 63 , 9 , 143–1460.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018726709357083

Stanton , P. and A. Nankervis (2011) “Linking strategic HRM , performance management and organiza­tional effectiveness: perceptions of managers in Singapore”. Asia Pacific Business Review 17 , 1 , 67–84.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13602381003790382

Symbaluk , D. G. and A. J. Howell (2010) “Web-based student feedback: comparing teaching-award and research-award recipients”. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education 35 , 1 , 7–82.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02602930802563094

Sutrop , M. (2015) “Can values be taught? The myth of value-free education”. Trames 19 , 2 , 189–202.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/tr.2015.2.06

Terpstra , D. E. and A. L. Honoree (2009) “Merit pay plans in higher education institutions: characteristics and effects”. Public Personnel Management 38 , 4 , 55–77.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/009102600903800404

Türk , K. (2008) “Performance appraisal and the compensation of academic staff in the University of Tartu”. Baltic Journal of Management 3 , 1 , 40–54.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17465260810844257

Türk , K. (2010) “Performance management of academic staff in the faculty of economics and business administration at Tartu University (pluses and minuses)”. In 5th IEEE International Conference on Management of Innovation and Technology. Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE ICMIT , 624–629. Singapore.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/icmit.2010.5492748

Walker , R. M. , F. Damanpour , and C. A. Devece (2010) “Management innovation and organizational performance: the mediating effect of performance management”. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 21 , 367–386.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muq043

Wang , Z. M. and S. Wang (2008) “Modelling regional HRM strategies in China: an entrepreneur­ship perspective”. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 19 , 5 , 945–963.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585190801994107

Williams , H. M. , J. Rayner , and C. W. Allinson (2012) “New public management and organisational commitment in the public sector: testing a mediation model”. International Journal of Human Resource Management 23 , 13 , 2615–2629.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2011.633275

Zia , A. and C. Koliba (2011) “Accountable climate governance: dilemmas of performance manage­ment across complex governance networks”. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice 13 , 5 , 479–497.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2011.605939

 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 22, Issue 3, 2018




Publishing schedule:
No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December