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  Linguistica Uralica

 

ISSN 1736-7506 (electronic)  ISSN 0868-4731 (print)

Published since 1965

Linguistica Uralica

 

ISSN 1736-7506 (electronic)  ISSN 0868-4731 (print)

Published since 1965

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» Gesamtregister 1965 – 1974 und 1975 – 1984
» Linguistica Uralica Supplementary Series / Vol. 2 Meadow Mari Prosody
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Labializatsija finno-ugorskogo *a v marijskom jazyke [Labialization of the Finno-Ugric *a in the Mari Language]; pp. 247-251

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/lu.2015.4.02


Authors

Pavel Želtov

Abstract

The article analyses the origin of the common Mari o (occurring in the Hill, North-Western, Meadow and Eastern Mari dialects), which corresponds to the Mordvin and Finnic а in common Finno-Ugric and genuine Mari words, as well as the opposition of the Hill and North-Western Mari а ~ Meadow and Eastern Mari o which manifests itself mostly in borrowings from the Bulgar-Chuvash language and partly in some borrowings from the Tatar language. It is concluded that the process of transformation of the Finnic-Volgaic *a into the common Mari o (~ Mordvin а) must be distinguished from the development of the а ~ o opposition in certain Turkic loanwords used in Mari dialects, which is a later process. Nevertheless, the ­oppo­sition of а ~ o in Mari dialects, despite being mainly manifested in Turkic loanwords, is not directly linked either with the possible opposition of а ~ o/ô/u in Bulgar dialects or with the opposition а ~ between Mishar and Kazan Tatar dialects. This is proved by the manifestation of the opposition а ~ o in those Chuvash loanwords occurring in Mari dialects, which could not originally have had it.

Keywords

Finno-Ugric languages, Mari language, labialization.

References

Ахметьянов Р. Г. 1978 , Сравнительное исследование татарского и чувашского языков , Москва.

Ашмарин Н. И. 1929 , Словарь чувашского языка , Чебоксары.

Ашмарин Н. И. 1937 , Словарь чувашского языка , Чебоксары.

Gruzov L. P. 1965 , Fonetika dialektov marijskogo qzyka v istoriäe­skom osveYenii , |oökar-Ola.

Ермушкин Г. И. 1989 , Rekonstrukciq perviänogo vokalizma i konsonantizma finno-volwskoj obYnosti. — Финно-волжская языковая общ­ность , Москва , 30—132.

Севортян Э. А. 1974 , Этимологический словарь тюркских языков. Общетюркские и межтюркские основы на гласные , Москва.

Beke , Ö. 1935 , Zur Lautgeschichte der tschuwassischen Lehnwörter im Tsche­remissischen. — FUF XXIII , 66—84.

Bereczki , G. 1969 , Die finnisch-ugrische Vokalismustheorie von W. Steinitz und E. Itkonen und das Tscheremissische. — ALHung. XIX , 305—319.

Itkonen , E. 1970 , Bemerkungen über den Vokalismus der ersten Silbe von tschuwaschischen Lehnwörtern in einigen finnisch-ugrischen Sprachen. — FUF XXXVIII , 257—273.

Serebrennikov , B. 1957 , Zur Geschichte der a-Laute im Tscheremissischen und Tschuwassischen. — UAJb. XXIX , 224—230.

Steinitz , W. 1944 , Geschichte des finnisch-ugrischen Vokalismus , Stockholm.

 
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Current Issue: Vol. 55, Issue 2, 2019




Publishing schedule:

No. 1: 28 March
No. 2: 28 June
No. 3: 28 September
No. 4: 28 December