headerpos: 9353
 
 
  Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Publisher
Journal Information
» Editorial Board
» Editorial Policy
» Article Publication Charges
» Archival Policy
» Copyright and Licensing Policy
Guidelines for Authors
» Instructions to Authors
Guidelines for Reviewers
» Review Form
Open Access
List of Issues
» 2019
» 2018
» 2017
» 2016
» 2015
» 2014
Vol. 63, Issue 4
Vol. 63, Issue 3
Vol. 63, Issue 2
Vol. 63, Issue 1
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011
» 2010
» 2009
» 2008
» 2007
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google Ecology
» Back issues in ETERA
Keemia. Geoloogia
» ETERA_scan
Subscription Information
Internet Links
Support & Contact
Publisher
» Other Journals
» Staff

Mean grain size fluctuations of the siliciclastic component in the Aizpute-41 core: implication for end-Ordovician glaciation; pp. 257–263

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/earth.2014.28


Authors

Enli Kiipli, Sven Siir, Toivo Kallaste, Tarmo Kiipli

Abstract

The article deals with grain size distribution of the insoluble residue of Upper Ordovician carbonate rocks of the Baltoscandian Basin in the West Latvian Aizpute-41 core. Great fluctuations in mean grain size in the sections of the Pirgu (uppermost Katian) and Porkuni (Hirnantian) stages are considered as indications of eustatic sea level fluctuations, pointing to the glaciation in the Hirnantian and its prelude in Pirgu time. An alternative cause of grain size fluctuations might be the up-and-down tectonic movements. Nevertheless, the synchronicity of cessation of fluctuations with the end of the Hirnantian glaciation supports the glaciation-related reasons.

Keywords

Ordovician, Katian, grain size, Baltoscandian Basin.

References

Andersen , T. B. , Berry IV , H. N. , Lux , D. R. & Andresen , A. 1998. The tectonic significance of pre-Scandian 40Ar/39Ar phengite cooling ages in the Caledonides of western Norway. Journal of the Geological Society , London , 155 , 297–309.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.155.2.0297

Beier , H. , Maletz , J. & Böhnke , A. 2000. Development of an Early Palaeozoic foreland basin at the SW margin of Baltica. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie – Abhandlungen , 218 , 129–152.

Bergström , S. M. , Young , S. & Schmitz , B. 2010. Katian (Upper Ordovician) δ13C chemostratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy in the United States and Baltoscandia: a regional comparison. Palaeogeography , Palaeoclimatology , Palaeoecology , 296 , 217–234.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.02.035

Bergström , S. M. , Eriksson , M. E. , Young , S. A. , Ahlberg , P. & Schmitz , B. 2014. Hirnantian (latest Ordovician) δ13C chemostratigraphy in southern Sweden and globally: a refined integration with the graptolite and conodont zone successions. GFF , 136 , 355–386.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11035897.2013.851734

Brenchley , P. J. , Marshall , J. D. , Carden , G. A. F. , Robertson , D. B. R. , Long , D. G. F. , Meidla , T. , Hints , L. & Anderson , T. F. 1994. Bathymetric and isotopic evidence for a short-lived Late Ordovician glaciation in a greenhouse period. Geology , 22 , 295–298.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1994)022<0295:BAIEFA>2.3.CO;2

Fossen , H. , Pedersen , R.-B. , Bergh , S. & Andresen , A. 2008. Creation of a mountain chain. The building up of the Caledonides; about 500–405 Ma. Iapetus – an ancient (Proto-) Atlantic Ocean. In The Making of a Land – Geology of Norway (Ramberg , I. B. , Bryhni , I. , Nøttvedt , A. & Rangnes , K. , eds) , pp. 182–195. Norsk Geologisk Forening , Trondheim.

Heath , R. J. , Brenchley , P. J. & Marshall , J. D. 1998. Early Silurian carbon and oxygen stable-isotope stratigraphy of Estonia: implications for climate change. New York State Museum Bulletin , 491 , 313–326.

Hints , L. , Oraspõld , A. & Nõlvak , J. 2005. The Pirgu Regional Stage (Upper Ordovician) in the East Baltic: litho­strati­graphy , biozonation , and correlation. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences , Geology , 54 , 225–259.

Kaljo , D. , Martma , T. & Saadre , T. 2007. Post-Hunnebergian Ordovician carbon isotope trend in Baltoscandia , its environmental implications and some similarities with that of Nevada. Palaeogeography , Palaeoclimatology , Palaeoecology , 245 , 138–155.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2006.02.020

Kaljo , D. , Hints , L. , Männik , P. & Nõlvak , J. 2008. The succession of Hirnantian events based on data from Baltica: brachiopods , chitinozoans , conodonts , and carbon isotopes. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences , 57 , 197–218.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/earth.2008.4.01

Katzung , G. , Giese , U. , Walter , R. & von Winterfeld , C. 1993. The Rügen Caledonides , northeast Germany. Geological Magazine , 130 , 725–730.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800021038

Kiipli , E. & Kiipli , T. 2006. Carbonate distribution in the East Baltic deep shelf in the late Ordovician–early Silurian. GFF , 128 , 147–152.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11035890601282147

Kiipli , E. , Kallaste , T. & Kiipli , T. 2008. Hydrodynamic control of sedimentation in the Ordovician (Arenig–Caradoc) Baltic Basin. Lethaia , 41 , 127–137.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1502-3931.2008.00112.x

Kiipli , E. , Kiipli , T. & Kallaste , T. 2009. Reconstruction of currents in the Mid-Ordovician–Early Silurian central Baltic Basin using geochemical and mineralogical indicators. Geology , 37 , 271–274.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G25075A.1

Kiipli , T. , Kiipli , E. & Kaljo , D. 2010. Silurian sea level variations estimated using SiO2/Al2O3 and K2O/Al2O3 ratios in the Priekule drill core section , Latvia. Bolletino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana , 49 , 55–63.

Kiipli , T. , Radzievičius , S. , Kallaste , T. , Kiipli , E. , Siir , S. , Soesoo , A. & Voolma , M. 2012. The Geniai tuff in the southern East Baltic area – a new correlation tool near the Aeronian/Telychian stage boundary , Llandovery , Silurian. Bulletin of Geosciences , 87 , 695–704.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3140/bull.geosci.1313

Kiipli , T. , Dahlquist , P. , Kallaste , T. , Kiipli , E. & Nõlvak , J. 2014a. Late Katian (Ordovician) bentonites in the East Baltic , Scandinavia and Scotland: geochemical correlation and volcanic source interpretation. Geological Magazine ,
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S001675681400051X

Kiipli , T. , Soesoo , A. & Kallaste , T. 2014b. Geochemical evolution of Caledonian volcanism recorded in the sedimentary rocks of the eastern Baltic region. In New Perspectives on the Caledonides of Scandinavia and Related Areas (Corfu , F. , Gasser , D. & Chew , D. M. , eds) , Geological Society of London Special Publications , 390 , 177–192.

Loi , A. , Ghienne , J.-F. , Dabard , M. P. , Paris , F. , Botquelen , A. , Christ , N. , Elaouad-Debbaj , Z. , Gorini , A. , Vidal , M. , Videt , B. & Destombes , J. 2010. The Late Ordovician glacio-eustatic record from a high-latitude storm-dominated shelf succession: the Bou Ingarf section (Anti-Atlas , Southern Morocco). Palaeogeography , Palaeoclimatology , Palaeoecology , 296 , 332–358.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.01.018

Nestor , H. & Einasto , R. 1997. Ordovician and Silurian carbonate sedimentation basin. In Geology and Mineral Resources of Estonia (Raukas , A. & Teedumäe , A. , eds) , pp. 192–204. Estonian Academy Publishers , Tallinn.

Nõlvak , J. 1997. Table 7. The Ordovician of Estonia. In Geology and Mineral Resources of Estonia (Raukas , A. & Teedumäe , A. , eds) , pp. 54–55. Estonian Academy Publishers , Tallinn.

Paškevičius , J. 1997. The Geology of the Baltic Republics. Vilnius University , Geological Survey of Lithuania , Vilnius , 387 pp.

Poprawa , P. , Šliaupa , S. , Stephenson , R. & Lazauskiene , J. 1999. Late Vendian–Early Palaeozoic tectonic evolution of the Baltic Basin: regional tectonic implications from subsidence analysis. Tectonophysics , 314 , 219–239.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-1951(99)00245-0

Trotter , J. A. , Williams , I. S. , Barnes , C. R. , Lécuyer , C. & Nicoll , R. S. 2008. Did cooling oceans trigger Ordovician biodiversification? Evidence from conodont thermometry. Science , 321 , 550–554.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1155814

Ulst , R. Zh. , Gailite , L. K. & Yakovleva , V. I. 1982. Ordovik Latvii [Ordovician of Latvia]. Zinatne , Riga , 293 pp. [in Russian].

Videt , B. , Paris , F. , Rubino , J. L. , Boumendjel , K. , Dabard , M. P. , Loi , A. , Ghienne , J. F. , Marante , A. & Gorini , A. 2010. Biostratigraphical calibration of third order Ordovician sequences on the northern Gondwana platform. Palaeogeography , Palaeoclimatology , Palaeoecology , 296 , 359–375.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.03.050

 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 68, Issue 3, 2019




Publishing schedule:

No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December