headerpos: 9460
 
 
  Estonian Journal of Ecology

ISSN 1736-7549 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-602X (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences: Biology, Ecology
(ISSN 1406-0914)
Published since 1952
 

Estonian Journal of Ecology

ISSN 1736-7549 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-602X (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences: Biology, Ecology
(ISSN 1406-0914)
Published since 1952
 

Publisher
Journal Information
» Abstractring/Indexing
List of Issues
» 2014
Vol. 63, Issue 4
Vol. 63, Issue 3
Vol. 63, Issue 2
Vol. 63, Issue 1
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011
» 2010
» 2009
» 2008
» 2007
» Back Issues
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google
Publisher
» Other Journals
» Staff

Climate change effects on shallow lakes: design and preliminary results of a cross-European climate gradient mesocosm experiment; pp. 71–89

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/eco.2014.2.02


Authors

Frank Landkildehus, Martin Søndergaard, Meryem Beklioglu, Rita Adrian, David G. Angeler, Josef Hejzlar, Eva Papastergiadou, Priit Zingel, Ayşe Idil Çakiroğlu, Ulrike Scharfenberger, Stina Drakare, Tiina Nõges, Michal Šorf, Konstantinos Stefanidis, Ü. Nihan Tavşanoğlu, Cristina Trigal, Aldoushy Mahdy, Christina Papadaki, Lea Tuvikene, Søren E. Larsen, Martin Kernan, Erik Jeppesen

Abstract

Climate change is expected to profoundly affect both temperature and net precipitation, with implications for lake water level. We describe the design of a harmonized, simultaneous, cross-European mesocosm experiment to elucidate the effects of climate change on community structure, functioning, and metabolism in shallow lakes at low and high nutrient levels with contrasting depths (1 and 2 m). We used cylindrical (D = 1.2 m) tanks that were either 1.2 or 2.2 m high, each having a 10-cm sediment layer. We inoculated the mesocosms with a mixed sample of sediment and plankton from lakes with contrasting nutrient concentrations and added macrophytes and planktivorous fish. Sediment was pre-equilibrated to the required experimental nutrient concentration. During the experiment the water level decreased with increasing temperature (up to 90 cm in the Mediterranean mesocosms) while conductivity increased. The average chlorophyll a concentration increased with temperature in the deep mesocosms but was more variable in the shallow mesocosms. Macrophyte abundance increased with temperature, while the oxygen data suggest that net primary production peaked at intermediate temperatures. We conclude that our experimental design has the potential for tracking the interacting effects of global warming and eutrophication in shallow lakes.

Keywords

climate change, REFRESH project, macrophytes, nutrient enrichment, metabolism, water level effects, macroecology.

References

Adrian , R. , O’Reilly , C. M. , Zagarese , H. , Baines , S. B. , Hessen , D. O. , Keller , W. , et al. 2009. Lakes as sentinels of climate change. Limnology and Oceanography , 54 , 2283–2297.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2009.54.6_part_2.2283

Bates , B. C. , Kundzewicz , S. W. , Wu , S. , and Palutikof , J. P. 2008. Climate Change and Water: Technical Paper of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC Secretariat , Geneva.

Beklioğlu , M. , Altinayar , G. , and Tan , C. O. 2006. Water level control over submerged macrophyte development in five shallow lakes of Mediterranean Turkey. Archiv für Hydrobiologie , 166 , 535–556.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0003-9136/2006/0166-0535

Blindow , I. 1992. Long- and short-term dynamics of submerged macrophytes in two shallow eutrophic lakes. Freshwater Biology , 28 , 15–27.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1992.tb00558.x

Brucet , S. , Boix , D. , Nathansen , L. W. , Quintana , X. D. , Jensen , E. , Balayla , D. , et al. 2012. Plant-associated macroinvertebrate community structure in shallow brackish lakes: role of climate , salinity and predation. PLos ONE , 7(2): e30877.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030877

Bucak , T. , Saraoğlu , E. , Levi , E. E. , Tavşanoğlu , N. , Çakıroğlu , A. I. , Jeppesen , E. , and Beklioğlu , M. 2012. The role of water level for macrophyte growth and trophic interactions in eutrophic Mediterranean shallow lakes: a mesocosm experiment with and without fish. Freshwater Biology , 57 , 1631–1642.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02825.x

Burks , R. L. , Lodge , D. M. , Jeppesen , E. , and Lauridsen , T. L. 2002. Diel horizontal migration of zooplankton: costs and benefits of inhabiting the littoral. Freshwater Biology , 47 , 343–363.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2427.2002.00824.x

Coops , H. , Beklioglu , M. , and Crisman , T. L. 2003. The role of water-level fluctuations in shallow lake ecosystems: workshop conclusions. Hydrobiologia , 506 , 23–27.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:HYDR.0000008595.14393.77

Declerck , S. , Vandekerkhove , J. , Johansson , L. S. , Muylaert , K. , Conde-Porcuna , J. M. , Van der Gucht , K. , et al. 2005. Multi-group biodiversity in shallow lakes along gradients of phosphorus and water plant cover. Ecology , 86 , 1905–1915.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/04-0373

De Meester , L. , Declerck , S. , Janse , J. , Van Puijenbroek , P. J. T. M. , Portielje , R. , Lammens , E. , et al. 2006. Chapter 8: Biodiversity in European shallow lakes: a multilevel–multifactorial field study. In Wetlands: Functioning , Biodiversity Conservation , and Restoration (Bobbink , R. , Beltman , B. , Verhoeven , J. T. A. , and Whigham , D. F. , eds) , pp. 149–167. Ecological Studies , Vol. 191 , No. 7. Springer Verlag , New York.

Giorgi , F. 2006. Climate change hot-spots. Geophysical Research Letters , 33 , L08707.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2006GL025734

Giorgi , F. and Lionello , P. 2008. Climate change projections for the Mediterranean region. Global and Planetary Change , 63 , 90–104.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2007.09.005

Gonzales Sagrario , M. A. , Jeppesen , E. , Goma , J. , Søndergaard , M. , Lauridsen , T. L , and Landkildehus , F. 2005. Does high nitrogen loading prevent clear-water conditions in shallow lakes at moderately high phosphorus concentrations? Freshwater Biology , 50 , 27–41.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2004.01290.x

Gyllström , M. , Hansson , L. A. , Jeppesen , E. , García-Criado , F. , Gross , E. , Irvine , K. , et al. 2005. The role of climate in shaping zooplankton communities of shallow lakes. Limnology and Oceanography , 50 , 2008–2021.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2005.50.6.2008

Huisman , J. , Sharples , J. , Stroom , J. M. , Visser , P. M. , Kardinaal , W. E. A. , Verspagen , J. M. H. , and Sommeijer , B. 2004. Changes in turbulent mixing shift competition for light between phytoplankton species. Ecology , 85 , 2960–2970.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/03-0763

IPCC. 2007. Climate Change 2007: Impacts , Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Parry , M. L. , Canziani , O. F. , Palutikof , J. P. , van der Linden , P. J. , and Hanson , C. E. , eds). Cambridge University Press , Cambridge.

Jensen , H. S. and Andersen , F. Ø. 1992. Importance of temperature , nitrate and pH for phosphorus from aerobic sediments of four shallow , eutrophic lakes. Limnology and Oceanography , 37 , 577–589.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.1992.37.3.0577

Jeppesen , E. , Søndergaard , M. , Meerhoff , M. , Lauridsen , T. L. , and Jensen , J. P. 2007. Shallow lake restoration by nutrient loading reduction – some recent findings and challenges ahead. Hydrobiologia , 584 , 239–252.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-0596-7

Jeppesen , E. , Kronvang , B. , Meerhoff , M. , Søndergaard , M. , Hansen , K. M. , Andersen , H. E. , et al. 2009. Climate change effects on runoff , catchment phosphorus loading and lake ecological state , and potential adaptations. Journal of Environmental Quality , 38 , 1930–1941.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2008.0113

Jeppesen , E. , Meerhoff , M. , Holmgren , K. , González-Bergonzoni , I. , Teixeira-de Mello , F. , Declerck , S. , et al. 2010a. Impacts of climate warming on lake fish community structure and potential effects on ecosystem function. Hydrobiologia , 646 , 73–90.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-010-0171-5

Jeppesen , E. , Moss , B. , Bennion , H. , Carvalho , L. , De Meester , L. , Friberg , N. , et al. 2010b. Interaction of climate change and eutrophication. In Climate Change Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems (Kernan , M. , Battarbee , R. , and Moss , B. , eds) , pp. 119–151. Blackwell Publishing , Oxford.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781444327397.ch6

Jeppesen , E. , Kronvang , B. , Olesen , J. E. , Audet , J. , Søndergaard , M. , Hoffmann , C. C. , et al. 2011. Climate change effects on nitrogen loading from cultivated catchments in Europe: implications for nitrogen retention , ecological state of lakes and adaptation. Hydrobiologia , 663 , 1–21.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-010-0547-6

Jeppesen , E. , Mehner , T. , Winfield , I. J. , Kangur , K. , Sarvala , J. , Gerdeaux , D. , et al. 2012. Impacts of climate warming on the long-term dynamics of key fish species in 24 European lakes. Hydrobiologia , 694 , 1–39.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-012-1182-1

Jeppesen , E , Meerhoff , M. , Davidson , T. A. , Søndergaard , M. , Lauridsen , T. L. , Beklioglu , M. , et al. 2014. Climate change: an integrated ecological perspective on lakes based on multi-faceted approach data , with special emphasis on shallow lakes. Journal of Limnology , 73(sl) , 88–111.

Kosten , S. , Huszar , V. L. M. , Mazzeo , N. , Scheffer , M. , Sternberg , L. S. L. , and Jeppesen , E. 2009. Limitation of phytoplankton growth in South America: no evidence for increasing nitrogen limitation towards the tropics. Ecological Applications , 19 , 1791–1804.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/08-0906.1

Kosten , S. , Roland , F. , Da Motta Marques , D. M. L. , Van Nes , E. H. , Mazzeo , N. , Sternberg , L. S. L. , et al. 2010. Climate-dependent CO2 emissions from lakes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles , 24 , GB2007.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009GB003618

Kosten , S. , Jeppesen , E. , Huszar , V. L. , Mazzeo , N. , Van Nes , E. H. , Peeters , E. T. , and Scheffer , M. 2011. Ambiguous climate impacts on competition between submerged macrophytes and phytoplankton in shallow lakes. Freshwater Biology , 56 , 1540–1553.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2011.02593.x

Kosten , S. , Huszar , V. L. M. , Bécares , E. , Costa , L. S. , van Donk , E. , Hansson , L. A. , et al. 2012. Warmer climates boost cyanobacterial dominance in shallow lakes. Global Change Biology , 18 , 118–126.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02488.x

Köhler , J. , Hachol , J. , and Hilt , S. 2010. Regulation of submersed macrophyte biomass in a temperate lowland river: interactions between shading by bank vegetation , epiphyton and water turbidity. Aquatic Botany , 92 , 129–136.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2009.10.018

Liboriussen , L. , Lauridsen , T. L. , Søndergaard , M. , Landkildehus , F. , Søndergaard , M. , and Jeppesen , E. 2011. Climate warming effect on the seasonal dynamics in sediment respiration in shallow lakes: an outdoor mesocosms experiment. Freshwater Biology , 56 , 437–447.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2010.02510.x

Meerhoff , M. , Clemente , J. M. , Teixeira De Mello , F. , Iglesias , C. , Pedersen , A. R. , and Jeppesen , E. 2007. Can warm climate-related structure of littoral predator assemblies weaken the clear water state in shallow lakes? Global Change Biology , 13 , 1888–1897.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01408.x

Meerhoff , M. , Teixeira-de Mello , F. , Kruk , C. , Alonso , C. , González-Bergonzoni , I. , Pablo Pacheco , J. , et al. 2012. Environmental warming in shallow lakes: a review of effects on community structure as evidenced from space-for-time substitution approaches. Advances in Ecological Research , 46 , 259–350.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-396992-7.00004-6

Mooij , W. M. , Hülsmann , S. , De Senerpont Domis , L. N. , Nolet , B. A. , Bodelier , P. L. E. , Boers , P. C. M. , et al. 2005. The impact of climate change on lakes in the Netherlands: a review. Aquatic Ecology , 39 , 381–400.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10452-005-9008-0

Moss , B. , Stephen , D. , Alvarez , C. , Bécares , E. , van de Bund , W. , van Donk , E. , et al. 2003. The determination of ecological quality in shallow lakes – a tested classification system (ECOFRAME) for implementation of the European Water Framework Directive. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems , 13 , 507–549.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.592

Moss , B. , Stephen , D. , Balayla , D. M. , Bécares , E. , Collings , S. E. , Fernández Aláez , C. , et al. 2004. Continental-scale patterns of nutrient and fish effects on shallow lakes: synthesis of a pan-European mesocosm experiment. Freshwater Biology , 49 , 1633–1649.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2004.01304.x

Moss , B. , Kosten , S. , Meerhoff , M. , Battarbee , R. W. , Jeppesen , E. , Mazzeo , N. , et al. 2011. Allied attack: climate change and eutrophication. Inland Waters , 1 , 101–105.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5268/IW-1.2.359

Nielsen , A. , Liboriussen , L. , Trolle , D. , Landkildehus , F. , Søndergaard , M. , Lauridsen , T. L , et al. 2013. Daily net primary production in lakes can be predicted from midday dissolved oxygen saturation: analysis of 7 month high frequency data from 24 mesocosms with contrasting trophic state and temperatures. Limnology & Oceanography. Methods , 11 , 202–212.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lom.2013.11.202

Nõges , T. 2004. Reflection of the changes of the North Atlantic Oscillation Index and the Gulf Stream Position Index in the hydrology and phytoplankton of Võrtsjärv , a large , shallow lake in Estonia. Boreal Environment Research , 9 , 401–408.

Nõges , T. and Nõges , P. 1999. The effect of extreme water level decrease on hydrochemistry and phytoplankton in a shallow eutrophic lake. Hydrobiologia , 408/409 , 277–283.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1017048329234

Nõges , T. , Nõges , P. , and Laugaste , R. 2003. Water level as the mediator between climate change and phytoplankton composition in a large shallow temperate lake. Hydrobiologia , 506/509 , 257–263.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:HYDR.0000008540.06592.48

Özen , A. , Karapınar , B. , Kucuk , İ. , Jeppesen , E. , and Beklioglu , M. 2010. Drought-induced changes in nutrient concentrations and retention in two shallow Mediterranean lakes subjected to different degrees of management. Hydrobiologia , 646 , 61–72.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-010-0179-x

Özkan , K. , Jeppesen , E. , Johansson , L. S. , and Beklioglu , M. 2010. The response of periphyton and submerged macrophytes to nitrogen and phosphorus loading in shallow warm lakes: a mesocosm experiment. Freshwater Biology , 55 , 463–475.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02297.x

Papastergiadou , E. , Kagalou , I. , Stefanidis , K. , Retalis , A. , and Leonardos , I. 2010. Effects of anthropogenic influences on the trophic state , land uses and aquatic vegetation in a shallow Mediterranean lake: implications for restoration. Water Resources Management , 24 , 415–435.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11269-009-9453-y

Rooney , N. and Kalff , J. 2000. Inter-annual variation in submerged macrophyte community biomass and distribution: the influence of temperature and lake morphometry. Aquatic Botany , 68 , 321–335.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3770(00)00126-1

SAS Institute Inc. 2008. SAS/STAT ® 9.2 User’s Guide. SAS Institute Inc. , Cary , NC.

Schindler , D. W. 1998. Replication versus realism: the need for ecosystem-scale experiments. Ecosystems , 1 , 323–334.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s100219900026

Schindler , D. W. and Vallentyne , J. R. 2008. The Algal Bowl: Overfertilization of the World’s Freshwaters and Estuaries. University of Alberta Press , Edmonton.

Søndergaard , M. , Jensen , J. P. , and Jeppesen , E. 2003. Role of sediment and internal loading of phosphorus in shallow lakes. Hydrobiologia , 506/509 , 135–145.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:HYDR.0000008611.12704.dd

Stefanidis , K. and Papastergiadou , E. 2010. Influence of hydrophytes abundance on the spatial distribution of zooplankton in selected lakes in Greece. Hydrobiologia , 656 , 55–65.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-010-0435-0

Stephen , D. , Alfonso , T. , Balayla , D. , Bécares , E. , Collings , S. E. , Fernández-Aláez , M. , et al. 2004. Continental scale patterns of nutrient and fish effects on shallow lakes: introduction to a pan-European mesocosm experiment. Freshwater Biology , 49 , 1517–1524.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2004.01302.x

Stewart , R. I. A. , Dossena , M. , Bohan , D. A. , Jeppesen , E. , Kordas , R. I. , Ledger , M. E. , et al. 2013. Mesocosm experiments in ecological climate change research. Advances in Ecological Research , 48 , 71–181.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-417199-2.00002-1

Timms , R. M. and Moss , B. 1984. Prevention of growth of potentially dense phytoplankton populations by zooplankton grazing , in the presence of zooplanktivorous fish , in a shallow wetland system. Limnology &. Oceanography , 29 , 472–486.

Trolle , D. , Hamilton , D. P. , Pilditch , C. , Duggan , I. C. , and Jeppesen , E. 2011. Predicting the effects of climate change on trophic status of three morphologically varying lakes: implications for lake restoration and management. Environmental Modelling and Software , 26 , 354–370.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2010.08.009

Wagner , C. and Adrian , R. 2009. Cyanobacteria blooms: quantifying the effects of climate change. Limnology & Oceanography , 54 , 2460–2468.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2009.54.6_part_2.2460

Wilhelm , S. and Adrian , R. 2008. Impact of summer warming on the thermal characteristics of a polymictic lake and consequences for oxygen , nutrients and phytoplankton. Freshwater Biology , 53 , 226–237.

 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 63, Issue 4, 2014




Publishing schedule:
No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December