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  Linguistica Uralica

 

ISSN 1736-7506 (electronic)  ISSN 0868-4731 (print)

Published since 1965

Linguistica Uralica

 

ISSN 1736-7506 (electronic)  ISSN 0868-4731 (print)

Published since 1965

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» Gesamtregister 1965 – 1974 und 1975 – 1984
» Linguistica Uralica Supplementary Series / Vol. 2 Meadow Mari Prosody
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Revisiting the Meadow Mari Vocalic System; pp. 228-237

(Full article in PDF format) doi:10.3176/lu.2012.3.09


Authors

Dennis Estill

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to define the present system of vowels in standard Meadow Mari based on empirical research and in the light of traditional concepts. The specific objectives of this experiment were (1) to ascertain whether three often-called weak full vowels can be described as such or whether they are better described as reduced vowels, (2) to determine the quality of the central vowel, and (3) to measure the extent of roundedness of all vowels. The paper includes a brief consideration of personal features that may be apparent from analyses of formants 3 and 4. Four perspectives were considered: (a) the positions of the vowels on a chart displaying formants 1 and 2, (b) duration, (c) fundamental frequency and (d) intensity. The method used is statistical analysis of acoustic measurements using a speech analysis computer program. The findings suggest that there are only two vowel categories in Meadow Mari, full and reduced, as opposed to views which add a third category, weak. The central vowel is reduced and is neutral with regard to rounded.

Keywords

Meadow Mari, reduction, central vowel, rounding, individual features.

References

Alhoniemi , A. 1985 , Marin kielioppi , Helsinki (Apuneuvoja suomalais-ugrilaisten kielten opintoja varten 10).

Bereczki , G. 1990 , Chrestomathia ceremissica , Budapest.

Laver , J. 1994 , Principles of Phonetics , Cambridge.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139166621

Estill , D. 2011 , The Enigmatic Central Vowel in Moksha. How Central , How Reduced? - XXVI Fonetiikan päivät 2010 , Joensuu (University of Eastern Finland electronic publications) , 33-37.

Иванов , И. Г. 2000 , Кызытсе марий йылме. Фонетика , Йошкар-Ола.

Григорьев , Я. Г. 1953 , Марийский язык , Йошкар-Ола.

Пенгитов , Н. Т. 1958 , Сопоставительная грамматика русского и марийского языков. Часть первая , Йошкар-Oла.

Зорина З. Г. , Крылова Г. С. , Якимова Э. С 2000 , Марийский язык для всех. Часть 2/3 , Йошкар-Ола.

 
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Current Issue: Vol. 54, Issue 4, 2018




Publishing schedule:

No. 1: 28 March
No. 2: 28 June
No. 3: 28 September
No. 4: 28 December