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  Oil Shale

ISSN 1736-7492 (electronic)  ISSN 0208-189X (print)
Published since 1984

Oil Shale

ISSN 1736-7492 (electronic)  ISSN 0208-189X (print)
Published since 1984

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ESTIMATION OF CARBON EMISSION FACTORS FOR THE ESTONIAN SHALE OIL INDUSTRY; pp. 127–139

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/oil.2011.1S.05


Authors

A. SIIRDE, I. ROOS, A. MARTINS

Abstract

In this paper the country-specific carbon emission factors for the by-products from oil shale thermal processing (generator gas, semi-coke gas and semi-coke) for different technologies are presented. Today these emission factors have still not been determined in Estonia.As the shale oil production will increase significantly in the future, major attention should be paid to the oil shale production-related emission factors.

References

  1. Soone , J. , Doilov , S. Sustainable utilisation of oil shale resources and com­parison of contemporary technologies used for oil shale processing // Oil Shale. 2003. Vol. 20 , No. 3 Special. P. 311–323.

  2. Golubev , N. Solid oil shale heat carrier technology for oil shale retorting // Oil Shale. 2003. Vol. 20 , No. 3 Special. P. 324–332.

  3. Company standard. EE 10579981-NJ ST 9:2005. Oil Factory production. – AS Narva Elektrijaamad , Official Publication of Eesti Energia [in Estonian].

  4. Blokhin , A. , Zaretski , M. , Stelmakh , G. , Fraiman , G. Energy Technological Pro­cessing of Fuels in the Solid Heat Carrier Unit. – Moscow: Stalnõi Stan , 2005 [in Russian].

  5. Arro , H. , Prikk , A. , Pihu , T. Combustion of Estonian oil shale in fluidized bed boilers. Heating value of fuel , boiler efficiency and CO2 emissions // Oil Shale. 2005. Vol. 22 , No. 4 Special. P. 399–406.

  6. Oil Shale Processing Device. Material and Thermal Calculations. – Leningrad: The All-Union Project Institute of TEPLOPELEKTROPROEKT , the Leningrad Section , 1973. P. 95 [in Russian].

  7. Arro , H. , Prikk , A. , Pihu , T. Calculation of CO2 emission from CFB boilers of oil shale power plants // Oil Shale. 2006. Vol. 23 , No. 4. P. 356–365.

  8. Possibilities of VKG Energy to supply the Järve District City with Heat Energy yield by Combustion of Oil Shale Processing By-products. Contract 386 L , Final Report (A. Martins). – Tallinn , 2004 [in Estonian].

  9. Thermal Calculations for Steam Generators (Normative method). – Moscow: “Energia” , 1973 [in Russian].

10. Thermal Calculations of Co-Combustion of Generator Gas , Semi-Coke Gas and Oil Shale in Steam Power Boiler No 3 of Thermal Power Plant of Kiviõli Chemicals Factory. Contract of OÜ Reditus , Final Report (A. Siirde). – Tallinn , 2006. P. 45 [in Estonian].

11. National Inventory Report. Estonia 2009. http://unfccc.int.
 
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Current Issue: Vol. 35, Issue 4, 2018




Publishing schedule:
No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December