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Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 1736-7530 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-6046 (print)
Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, series Physics & Mathematics and  Chemistry
Published since 1952

Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 1736-7530 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-6046 (print)
Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, series Physics & Mathematics and  Chemistry
Published since 1952
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Off-line determination of trace silver in water samples and standard reference materials by cloud point extraction–atomic absorption spectrometry; pp. 190–196

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/proc.2009.3.06


Authors

Ersin Kilinc, Viia Lepane, Anu Viitak, Bahattin Gumgum

Abstract

An off-line method for the determination of trace silver in water samples and certified reference materials by cloud point extraction (CPE) followed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) has been worked out. Preconcentration of CPE was based on complex formation of silver with dithizone in the presence of non-ionic micelles of octylphenoxy polyethoxy ethanol (Triton X-114) at pH 4.0. Optimization was performed on the variables influencing complexation and phase separation. The detection limit of silver in certified samples was 1.42 ng mL–1, the quantification limit was 4.72 ng mL–1, and precision expressed asrelative standard deviation was 2.2% (n = 3, for silver concentration of 50 ng mL–1). The method was applied for the determination of trace silver in certified reference materials with satisfactory results.

Keywords

atomic spectroscopy, cloud point extraction, FAAS, Ag, water, standard reference material, Triton X-114, dithizone complex.

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