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  Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

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Stocks of organic carbon in Estonian soils; pp. 95–108

(Full article in PDF format) doi:10.3176/earth.2009.2.01


Authors

Raimo Kõlli, Olav Ellermäe, Tiina Köster, Illar Lemetti, Endla Asi, Karin Kauer

Abstract

The soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks (Mg ha–1) ofautomorphic mineral (9 soil groups), hydromorphic mineral (7), and lowland organic soils (4) are given for the soil cover or solum layer as a whole and also for its epipedon (topsoil) layer. The SOC stocks for forest, arable lands, and grasslands and for the entire Estonian soil cover were calculated on the basis of the mean SOC stock and distribution area of the respective soil type. In the Estonian soil cover (42 400 km2), a total of 593.8 ± 36.9 Tg of SOC is retained, with 64.9% (385.3 ± 27.5 Tg) in the epipedon layer (O, H, and A horizons) and 35.1% in the subsoil (B and E horizons). The pedo-ecological regularities of SOC retention in soils are analysed against the background of the Estonian soil ordination net.

Keywords

carbon retention capacity, carbon stock, land use, pedo-ecological regularities, soil ordination net.

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