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Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 1736-7530 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-6046 (print)
Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, series Physics & Mathematics and  Chemistry
Published since 1952

Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 1736-7530 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-6046 (print)
Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, series Physics & Mathematics and  Chemistry
Published since 1952
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Structure of phenol-formaldehyde polycondensates; pp. 45–52

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/proc.2009.1.08


Authors

Jane Paju, Tõnis Pehk, Peep Christjanson

Abstract

Prepolymer resol resins with the molar ratio of phenol/formaldehyde 1/2.4 and different amounts of NaOH were synthesized and characterized using 13C NMR spectra for samples in CD3OD solution. Nearly the full substitution in ortho and para aromatic positions occurred, and quite constant ratios of hydroxymethyl/methylene or op '/pp '-methylene groups were obtained. The content of free formaldehyde strongly depends on the NaOH content in synthesis. The prepolymeric chains end mainly with aromatic rings substituted with two ortho-hydroxymethyl groups. The alkali-dependent content of phenoxide ions causes the downfield shifts of 13C signals for ortho-hydroxymethyl groups from 62.8 ppm to 64.4 ppm and for aromatic carbon bearing the hydroxyl group from 157 ppm to 163 ppm. A comparison with industrial resol resin for the manufacture of plywood is presented.

Keywords

polymer chemistry, thermosets, resol resins, polycondensation, 13C NMR, molecular structure.

References

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Current Issue: Vol. 68, Issue 3, 2019




Publishing schedule:
No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December