headerpos: 9353
 
 
  Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Publisher
Journal Information
» Editorial Board
» Editorial Policy
» Archival Policy
» Copyright and Licensing Policy
Guidelines for Authors
» Instructions to Authors
Guidelines for Reviewers
» Review Form
Open Access
List of Issues
» 2017
» 2016
» 2015
» 2014
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011
» 2010
» 2009
» 2008
» 2007
Vol. 56, Issue 4
Vol. 56, Issue 3
Vol. 56, Issue 2
Vol. 56, Issue 1
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google Ecology
» Back issues in ETERA
Keemia. Geoloogia
Subscription Information
Internet Links
Support & Contact
Publisher
» Other Journals
» Staff

Lower Silurian biostratigraphy of the Viirelaid core, western Estonia; 193–204

(Full article in PDF format) doi:10.3176/earth.2007.01


Authors

Madis Rubel, Olle Hints, Peep Männik, Tõnu Meidla, Viiu Nestor, Lembit Sarv, Ivo Sibul

Abstract

The distribution of five groups of fossils in the upper Llandovery (Telychian) and Wenlock of the Viirelaid core section, Estonia, is presented and discussed in terms of their biozones (conodonts and chitinozoans) and mutual positions (scolecodonts, ostracods, and brachiopods). Graphical correlation of the Viirelaid and Paatsalu sections shows a stronger linear correlation for zonal conodonts than for chitinozoans and scolecodonts. In the given case, this is caused by different nature of zones: chitinozoan zones are based on appearances and/or disappearances of ordinal taxa whereas conodont zonation corresponds, as a rule, to evolutionary succeeding species in the Pterospathodus lineage. At the same time, the positions of chitinozoan zones in the Viirelaid, Ruhnu, Aizpute, and Paatsalu cores are oscillating with respect to conodont zones.

Keywords

conodonts, chitinozoans, ostracods, scolecodonts, brachiopods, biostratigraphy, Silurian, Estonia.

References

Agterberg , F. P. 1990. Automated Stratigraphic Correlation. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy , Vol. 13. Elsevier , Amsterdam , 424 pp.

Bergman , C. F. 1979. Polychaete jaws. In Lower Wenlock Faunal and Floral Dynamics – Vattenfallet Section ,Gotland (Jaanusson , V. , Laufeld , S. & Skoglund , R. , eds) , Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning , C762 , 92–102.

Bergman , C. F. 1989. Silurian paulinitid polychaetes from Gotland. Fossils and Strata , 25 , 1–127.

Eichwald , E. 1854. Die Grauwackenschichten von Liv- und Esthland. Bulletin du la Societé Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou , 27 , 1–111.

Eriksson , M. E. , Bergman , C. F. & Jeppsson , L. 2004. Silurian scolecodonts. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology , 131 , 269–300.
doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2004.04.001

[EGK] OÜ Eesti Geoloogiakeskus 1998. Geoloogilised uuringud Suure väina tunneli rajamise tasuvushinnangute tegemi­seks [Geological investigations for assessing the cost-effectiveness of the tunnel connection below the Suur Väin Strait]. Tallinn , 59 pp. [in Estonian].

Guex , J. 1990. Biochronological Correlations. Springer Verlag , Berlin , 252 pp.

Hints , O. , Bergman , C. F. & Märss , T. 2000. Silurian jawed polychaetes from Cornwallis and Baillie-Hamilton islands , Canadian Arctic. Ichtyolith Issues Special Publication , 6 , 35–38.

Hints , O. , Killing , M. , Männik , P. & Nestor , V. 2006. Frequency patterns of chitinozoans , scolecodonts , and conodonts in the upper Llandovery and lower Wenlock of the Paatsalu core , western Estonia. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences , Geology , 55 , 128–155.

Jaanusson , V. 1976. Faunal dynamics in the Middle Ordovician of Balto-Scandia. In The Ordovician System: Proceedings of a Palaeontological Association Symposium. Birmingham , September 1974 (Bassett , M. G. , ed.) , pp. 301–326. University of Wales Press and National Museum of Wales , Cardiff.

Jeppsson , L. 1997. A new latest Telychian , Sheinwoodian and early Homerian (Early Silurian) standard conodont zonation. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences , 88 , 91–114.

Kaljo , D. & Rubel , M. 1982. Linkage of brachiopodcommunities to facial belts (Baltic Silurian). In Soobshchestva i biozony v silure Pribaltiki [Communities and biozones in the East Baltic Silurian](Kaljo , D. & Klaamann , E. , eds) , pp. 11–34. Valgus , Tallinn [in Russian].

Kallaste , T. & Kiipli , T. 2006. New correlations of Telychian (Silurian) bentonites in Estonia. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences , Geology , 55 , 241–251.

Kielan-Jaworowska , Z. 1966. Polychaete jaw apparatuses from the Ordovician and Silurian of Poland and comparison with modern forms. Paleontologia Polonica , 16 , 1–152.

Kiipli , T. , Männik , P. , Bachelor , R. A. , Kiipli , E. , Kallaste , T. & Perens , H. 2001. Correlation of Telychian (Silurian) altered volcanic ash beds in Estonia , Sweden and Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift , 81 , 179–194.

Loydell , D. K. & Nestor , V. 2005. Integrated graptolite and chitinozoan biogeography of the upper Telychian (Llandovery , Silurian) of the Ventspils D-3 core , Latvia. Geological Magazine , 142 , 369–376.
doi:10.1017/S0016756805000531

Loydell , D. K. , Kaljo , D. & Männik , P. 1998. Integrated biostratigraphy of the lower Silurian of the Ohesaare core , Saaremaa , Estonia. Geological Magazine , 135 , 769–783.
doi:10.1017/S0016756898001423

Loydell , D. K. , Männik , P. & Nestor , V. 2003. Integrated biostratigraphy of the lower Silurian of the Aizpute-41 core , Latvia. Geological Magazine , 140 , 205–229.
doi:10.1017/S0016756802007264

Männik , P. 2007. Upper Ordovician and lower Silurian conodont biostratigraphy in Estonia: general overview of recent developments. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences , 56 , 35–62.

Männil , R. & Rubel , M. 1999. Selected brachiopod and trilobite communities of the Baltic Silurian. In Paleocommunities: A Case Study from the Silurian and Lower Devonian (Boucot , A. J. & Lawson , J. D. , eds) , pp. 253–259. Cambridge University Press.

Männil , R. M. & Zaslavskaya , N. M. 1985. Silurian polychaetes from northern Siberia. Trudy Instituta Geologii i Geofiziki SO AN SSSR , 615 , 98–119 [in Russian].

Meidla , T. & Sarv , L. 1990. Ostracodes. In Field Meeting. Estonia 1990. An Excursion Guidebook (Kaljo , D. and Nestor , H. , eds) , pp. 68–71. Institute of Geology , Estonian Academy of Sciences , Tallinn.

Musteikis , P. 1989. Results of quantitative stratigraphic correlation in the Silurian of Lithuania: Brachiopods. In Quantitative Stratigraphy – Retrospective Evaluation and Future Development (Oleynikov , A. & Rubel , M. , eds) , pp. 155–167. Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR , Tallinn.

Musteikis , P. & Juškute , V. 1999. Late Silurian brachiopod communities from western Lithuania. Geologija (Vilnius) , 27 , 10–25.

Musteikis , P. & Paškevičius , J. 1999. Brachiopod communities of the Lithuanian Silurian. In Paleocommunities: A Case Study from the Silurian and Lower Devonian (Boucot , A. J. & Lawson , J. D. , eds) , pp. 305–326. Cambridge University Press.

Nestor , H. 1997. Silurian. In Geology and Mineral Resources of Estonia (Raukas , A. & Teedumäe , A. , eds) , pp. 89–106. Estonian Academy Publishers , Tallinn.

Nestor , H. & Einasto , R. 1997. Ordovician and Silurian carbonate sedimentation basin. In Geology and Mineral Resources of Estonia (Raukas , A. & Teedumäe , A. , eds) , pp. 192–204. Estonian Academy Publishers , Tallinn.

Nestor , V. 1994. Early Silurian chitinozoans of Estonia and North Latvia. Academia , 4 , 1–163.

Nestor , V. 2003. Distribution of Silurian chitinozoans. In Ruhnu (500) Drill Core (Põldvere , A. , ed.) , Estonian Geological Sections , 5 , 13–14.

Nestor , V. 2005. Chitinozoans of the Margachitina margaritana Biozone and the Llandovery–Wenlock boundary in West Estonian drill cores. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences , Geology , 54 , 87–111.

Rubel , M. & Rõõmusoks , A. 1970. Brakhiopody. In Silur Éstonii [Silurian of Estonia] (Kaljo , D. , ed.) , pp. 139–150. Valgus , Tallinn [in Russian , with English summary].

Rubel , M. & Sarv , L. 1996. Reconstruction and use of the succession of East Baltic Silurian ostracodes. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences , Geology , 45 , 177–188.

Rubel , M. , Nestor , V. , Harris , M. T. , Sheehan , P. M. , Ainsaar , L. , Männik , P. & Nõlvak , J. 2006. A new high-resolution chitinozoan composite standard for the East Baltic Lower Silurian succession based on numerical analysis. Geological Quarterly , 50 , 323–332.

Sadler , P. M. , Kemple , W. G. & Kooser , M. A. 2003. CONOP programs for solving the stratigraphic correlation and seriation problems as constrained optimization. In High Resolution Approaches in Stratigraphic Paleontology , (Harries , P. , ed.) , pp. 461–465. Kluwer , Dordrecht.

Szaniawski , H. 1970. Jaw apparatuses of the Ordovician and Silurian polychaetes from the Mielnik borehole. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica , 15 , 445–478.

Viira , V. 1983. Upper Silurian Spathognathodus (conodonts) from Estonia. In Paleontologiya drevnego paleozoya Pribaltiki i Podolii [Early Palaeozoic Geology of Estonia and Podolia] (Klaamann , E. , ed.) , pp. 41–71. Academy of Sciences of the ESSR , Tallinn [in Russian , with English summary].

 
 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 66, Issue 4, 2017




Publishing schedule:

No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December