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  Estonian Journal of Ecology

ISSN 1736-7549 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-602X (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences: Biology, Ecology
(ISSN 1406-0914)
Published since 1952
 

Estonian Journal of Ecology

ISSN 1736-7549 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-602X (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences: Biology, Ecology
(ISSN 1406-0914)
Published since 1952
 

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A simple parameterization of columnar aerosol optical thickness; 57–68

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Authors

Martin Kannel, Hanno Ohvril, Hilda Teral, Viivi Russak, Ain Kallis

Abstract

A simple engineering method for calculating the aerosol optical thickness at 500 nm (AOT500) is proposed for Estonian summer conditions. The method is expressed by a single formula and represents a simplified version of a more complicated model developed at Moscow University, which assumes fulfilment of the Ångström formula. For the input our method uses three parameters: (1) the Ångström wavelength exponent (a), which can be given as its seasonal climatological mean; (2) broadband Bouguer coefficient (p2) of atmospheric transparency for optical mass m = 2 (solar elevation » 30°); and (3) the amount of columnar precipitable water vapour (W). The method was evaluated using the AERONET Tõravere data on aerosol optical thickness for three summer months (JJA) during 2002–2004. Because of the absence of high quality data on precipitable water, it was estimated approximately using surface water vapour pressure. Evaluation of the method demonstrated a good overall agreement with the observed AERONET 418 summer values of the AOT500 from 2002–2004. The evaluation also raised doubt that precipitable water is underestimated in our model compared to the AERONET Level 2 Version 1 observations. Due to its simplicity the method can be used for express estimations of the AOT500 under summer conditions in regions with similar climates to the Estonian one. Transition to other wavelengths is available using the Ångström formula.

Keywords

AERONET, aerosols, Ångström formula, broadband direct irradiance, spectral aerosol optical thickness.

References

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Current Issue: Vol. 63, Issue 4, 2014




Publishing schedule:
No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December