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  Estonian Journal of Ecology

ISSN 1736-7549 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-602X (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences: Biology, Ecology
(ISSN 1406-0914)
Published since 1952
 

Estonian Journal of Ecology

ISSN 1736-7549 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-602X (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences: Biology, Ecology
(ISSN 1406-0914)
Published since 1952
 

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SHORT COMMUNICATION. Rat kings in Estonia; 77–81

(Full article in PDF format)


Authors

Andrei Miljutin

Abstract

The expression ‘rat king’ is applied to a group of rats whose tails are tied together. The causes of this rare phenomenon remain uncertain. The article describes Estonian finds of rat kings. This additional information is used for the evaluation of hypotheses concerning the mechanism of rat king formation. Estonian finds support the hypothesis that the rat king’s knot is created after the rats’ tails are glued or frozen together. Analysis of the worldwide geography of the finds of rat kings demonstrates that with one exception (Java), they occur in regions where two factors coincide: cold winters and the presence of the black rat, Rattus rattus.

Keywords

Rattus rattus, rat king, Rattenkönig.

References

Hart , M. 1982. Rats. Alison & Busby , London , New York.

Jeziorskas , L. 1961. Stranger inhabitants in the nest-boxes in Lithuanian forests and their influence on the hollow-dwelling birds. In Trudy IV Pribal¢tijskoj ornitologicheskoj konferentsii ,  pp. 123–128. Riga (in Russian).

Kotenkova , E. V. , Meshkova , N. N. & Shutova , M. I. 1989. About Rats and Mice. Nauka Publishing House , Moscow (in Russian).

Kunstyr , I. 1977. Beobachtung des sog. “Rattenkönigs” bei weiblichen BALB/cA Mäusen. Herden­psychose und aggressives Verhalten als wahrscheinliche Ursache der Schwanzverschlingung. Z. Versuchstierkunde , 19(1–2) , 92–96.

Miljutin , A. 2005. Rotikuningad Eestis ja mujal. Eesti Loodus , 7 , 46-49.

 
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Current Issue: Vol. 63, Issue 4, 2014




Publishing schedule:
No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December